Insights into the History of the Collection

Marie Duschanek

22.11.1827 – 7.10.1909

Marie Duschanek's name was added to the roll of honour in 1897. Marie Duschanek is the only woman and the first person who did not belong to the museum's circle of founders named on the benefactors' roll of honour.

A native of Freiburg, she lived for several years with her husband, Joseph Duschanek († 1894), in Brazil. They brought back several ethnographical objects from South America, which she donated or sold to the museum after her husband's death.

Marie Duschanek Donation

The museum received various objects from Marie Duschanek. One of the museum's first acquisitions in 1895 was a collection of insects, for which it paid 300 Marks. It was collected by Joseph Duschanek during his stay in Brazil. A further Duschanek collection of insects, comprising insect fauna from the Baden region, was taken on in the natural history section during the same year. This represents an important basis for the documentation of the insect population in the area of the erstwhile Grand Duchy of Baden. Further donations by Marie Duschanek followed in 1900 and 1907, including a weaverbird nest, a ruff and a grebe.

Weaverbird nest, Duschanek Coll., photo: Axel Killian
Weaverbird nest, Duschanek Coll., photo: Axel Killian
Excerpt from the Freiburger Tagblatt, 22 January 1896. SAF C3 / 241/1
Excerpt from the Freiburger Tagblatt, 22 January 1896. SAF C3 / 241/1  Transcript:"The first donation was acquired by means of the funds made available to the museum by the City Council: an extensive collection of Brazilian insects from every order, including many specimens distinguished by their peculiar form, size and splendid colouration. A native of Freiburg, J. Duschanek († 1894 in Ulm) collected the insects during a stay in Brazil lasting several years. Even before his stay in Brazil, however, Mr. J. Duschanek's indefatiguable collector's energy garnered a rich collection of native insects, particularly from the Baden region. The widow of the deceased commendably donated this collection to the local municipal museum, a gift that was all the more valuable, as it provided the museum with a robust foundation for an insect collection encompassing the whole territory of the Grand Duchy of Baden ... "