Camels differ in the number of their humps. The single-humped camel is called a dromedary and his double-humped relations are Bactrian camels. The Bactrian can withstand both great heat and the cold, and is thus ideal on the native steppe and desert areas of Central Asia. Like all camels, the Bactrian’s great toughness, endurance and self-sufficiency, as well as its high productivity, are fascinating. It can therefore also be used in many ways in extreme environments, whether as a pack animal, riding animal or draught animal, as well as an important supplier of milk, meat, wool, leather and dung for fuel. It therefore combines almost all possible domestic animal functions and is thus one of the world’s most versatile domestic animals.
A particularly close relationship has developed between humans and animals because of the extreme climate in the mountainous regions of Asia at heights of up to 6,000 metres.
The Cashmere goat is at home in the mountainous regions of Asia. The wool of its undercoat is among the finest animal hairs in the world and is processed to produce high-quality clothing.
The domestic yak can, for example, carry enormous loads on rocky paths and snowfields, and is content to eat the severely limited grass. In addition, its dung is used as fuel and insulation. And the blankets found in typical nomadic tents are woven from yak hair.