Climate Protection and Energy Supply
En route to a carbon-neutral community
As far back as 1986, and directly after the accident at the Chernobyl reactor, Freiburg Municipal Council resolved to phase out nuclear energy and, in the same year, adopted a future-centric energy supply strategy, based on the three pillars of energy-saving, energy-effi ciency and renewable energy sources. In 1996 the Municipal Council resolved to achieve a 25% reduction in CO2 emissions by the year 2010. This decision was updated in 2007 with the even more
ambitious target of a 40% reduction by the year 2030. The City Council succeeded in signifi cantly reducing emissions in the energy sector with a package of measures and reduced the proportion of nuclear power from 60% to less than 5%. Green power has been offered as a matter of course to residential customers since 2011 and over 50% of the city‘s electricity needs are met by combined heat and power generation. In 2014 the Municipal Council resolved
to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 50% by 2030 and to set itself the long-term goal of climate neutrality by 2050.
Both the „Freiburg 2050 - En route to becoming a climate-neutral city“ study, published by the Oeko-Institute, and the feasibility study by the Green City Cluster and the Freiburg Regional Energy Agency show that a region powered by 100% renewable energy can be achieved by 2050.
The prerequisites for this include halving energy consumption, increasing energy effi ciency in the private and commercial sector, and an almost exclusive use of renewable energy. The target is ambitious – an energy revolution in its truest sense. The City of Freiburg can achieve the target of climate-neutrality locally, with energy effi ciency playing a key role, however the target of 100% power from renewables can only be achieved by working together with the surrounding districts. At the same time this demands a fundamental shift in climate policy frameworks, at state, federal and EU levels, to support an energy revolution on this scale.
To be worthy of the name, a local climate protection policy should not just be restricted to declarations of intent, but requires everyday practical, political and fi nancial consequences. 10% of the concession levies, paid by badenova, the regional energy provider, to Freiburg City Council for pipeline rights for electricity and water, have been employed directly for climate protection projects since 2008. To achieve its goal of climate neutrality, Freiburg Municipal Council
resolved in 2014 to more than double this investment to 25%: from 2015 a number of additional energy projects will be funded by around 2.75 million per annum.